11 Steps to Good Dairy Farming Practice: Animal Welfare

Animal welfare refers to the feelings and physical well-being of an individual animal; however, there are many different definitions and models of what animal welfare is. Discover some of the most essential tips for fostering excellence in dairy farming practices.


Embarking on a journey to successful dairy farming lies in a commitment to the principles of animal welfare. Good agriculture practice is beyond routine care, at its core animal welfare is the embodiment of animal husbandry practices, ensuring the well-being of dairy animals.

Here, we aim to discuss the essential connection between good dairy farming practices and the five freedoms—a universal framework for ensuring the comprehensive well-being of our dairy herds.

Continue reading for tips for good agriculture practice…

1. Comfortable Housing

Comfortable housing

To ensure excellent animal welfare, it is crucial for dairy farmers to provide clean and well-ventilated housing for their dairy cattle.

Dairy cattle requires a non-slip solid flooring with comfortable litter material. Given that they spend a substantial part of their day lying down, it is imperative to have an area that is well-drained, draft-free, and maintained with dry bedding.

Here at Platts, we offer a range of dairy bedding products designed to ensure a clean, comfortable, and hygienic area. Our Powder Bed, offers a super fine consistency of softwood, whilst our Fine Bed cubicle conditioner promises an ultra-soft consistency, so that your cows are always in a state of comfort.

2. Nutrition

Secondly for good agriculture practice, proper nutrition for the health, productivity, and overall well-being of dairy cows is critical.

Carbohydrates, amino acids, fatty acids, minerals, vitamins, and water constitute essential nutrients crucial for the animal welfare. However, laying the foundation for a cow capable of achieving high milk yields starts with ensuring proper nutrition for the calf and heifer.

3. Milking Practices

Dairy cow milking practices are essential for maintaining milk quality, but also promoting cow comfort to enhance their welfare. There are many ways to ensure good dairy practice to ensure the health of the animals and the quality of the milk.

It is crucial to clean the milking equipment, including teat cups, vacuum lines, and milk pipelines, to prevent contamination. Also, ensure a routine inspection and maintenance of milking machines to ensure proper functioning and prevent injury to the udder.

Furthermore, ensure that you establish a consistent milking routine helps reduce stress on the cows and promotes milk letdown.

Other animal welfare tips include a pre-milking procedure, post-milking care and regularly monitoring cows of signs of mastitis.

4. Handling and Behaviour

Creating a positive and low-stress environment through proper handling and behaviour practices is essential for the mental and physical health of dairy cows.

By training staff to approach their work with empathy and implementing low-stress handling techniques, farmers can foster a harmonious relationship with their animals, ultimately improving the overall welfare of the herd.

5. Space and Exercise

Providing adequate space and opportunities for exercise is crucial for promoting the well-being of dairy cows. Proper space allocation and the ability for cows to engage in natural behaviours contribute to their physical and mental health.

Ensure that barns and housing facilities provide enough space for each cow to move freely, lie down, stand up, and stretch comfortably. Be sure to design barns with well-defined walking lanes to encourage cows to move between different areas.

Whenever possible, provide access to outdoor areas or pasture where cows can graze, walk, and exhibit natural behaviours.

6. Breeding and Genetics

Next on our guide to good agriculture practice is a focus on responsible breeding to ensure longevity of your herd. This plays a pivotal role in the well-being, health and productivity of dairy cows.

Make sure to choose breeding animals with a history of good health, story immune systems and overall vitality. As well as this, prioritise animals that display desirable traits related to milk production, reproductive efficiency, and resistance to common diseases.

You can also use tools such as inbreeding coefficients to monitor and manage genetic relatedness within the herd. Inbreeding can lead to an increased risk of genetic disorders and reduced overall fitness.

These considerations, along with others helps ensure the overall well-being of dairy cows and contributes towards good agriculture practice.

7. Hygiene and Sanitation

Hygiene and Sanitation

Dairy cow hygiene and sanitation are critical aspects of maintaining a healthy herd, ensuring animal welfare.

To prevent the spread of diseases, regularly remove manure and soiled bedding, preventing bacterial growth and maintaining a hygienic environment.

Using dry bedding materials such as our Powder Bed and Fine Bed, provides a comfortable resting area for cows and reduce the risk of mastitis.

8. Environmental Considerations

By integrating sustainable and environmentally friendly practices into dairy management, farmers can create a healthier and more resilient environment for dairy cows.

Some good agriculture practice considerations include developing an effective waste management system to handle manure and other by-products, as well as implementing practices such as composting and nutrient recycling to utilise waste as a valuable resources for soil fertility.

It is also important to ensure natural ventilation. To achieve this, design barns and housing structures to maximise natural ventilation, reducing the need for artificial cooling systems. Also, ensure that barns are well-insulated to maintain comfortable temperatures in both hot and cold seasons.

Other things to consider include investing in renewable energy sources, conducting regular impact assessments and upgrading to energy-efficient machinery and systems.

These practices support a holistic approach to agriculture that prioritises both animal welfare and environmental sustainability.

9. Record Keeping

Maintaining detailed and accurate records is essential for ensuring the well-being of dairy cows and is crucial for effective herd management.

Document the health history of each dairy cow, including vaccinations, treatments, and any health issues. Early detection of health issues allows for prompt intervention and treatment, contributing to improved overall cow well-being.

Record milk production data, including daily yields, milk composition, and lactation stages. By doing this, you can identify trends in production, address nutritional needs, and assess the impact of bedding on milk quality.

By maintaining comprehensive records and analysing the data in conjunction with the use of our bedding solutions, dairy farmers can optimise herd management practices.

10. Continuous Learning

In the dynamic world of agriculture, staying informed about the latest advancements and embracing new practices is crucial for animal welfare.

Dairy farming is not static; it evolves with advancements in technology, changes in consumer preferences, and the growing awareness of animal welfare.

Continuous learning empowers farmers to adapt to these changes, ensuring that their practices align with the latest standards for ethical and responsible farming.

Want to know more about how out products can support animal welfare? Take a look at our dairy products to find the ideal solution for your herd.


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